? That level of compliance currently have the Millennium Development Goals?.
On Monday in New York began the international summit to review the Millennium Development Goals. The world's political leaders meet in the headquarters of the United Nations to boost the commitments set out 10 years ago for 2015 in sensitive areas such as education, poverty, environmental health or feeding.
The UN secretary general, Ban Ki Moon, is slightly optimistic and cautious about the commitments that can be taken, fallen earth chips, and the progress in these areas can be achieved in future dates. But the speeches have to confront them with facts. Is it feasible to meet these objectives by the agreed date? ? In what stage of performance are you? The 2010 UN report indicates that some can be met and others, despite the progress, are still far from, mortal gold, becoming reality.
The UN framework aimed at halving the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day. The deadline was 25 years, but the economic crisis that continues to plague the planet "has slowed the process," according to the World Bank. However, according to the UN report, the poverty rate will fall from 27% to 15% by the year 2015, darkfall online gold, (ie, representing approximately 920 million people), which would have met the target. By continent, Central Asia is the region of the planet that most will see reduced their rates of extreme poverty. According to the UN 2010 Report, the poverty rate will fall from 27% to 15% by the year 2015
On the other hand, the negative effects of economic and financial crisis have left notes, according to the UN, the deteriorating labor market as more negative consequence has been a decline in employment and an increase in the so-called vulnerable jobs (including work self-employed or family business). With this data, the second sub-goal included in the reduction of poverty, that of achieving full employment and decent work "seems further away from being realized.
The third of the goals in this first objective is to reduce by half the proportion of hungry people. UN says that "it is probable that starvation reached its peak in 2009 but, as with the previous paragraphs, the economic crisis has stalled the pace of decline of hunger on Earth. However, according to the FAO the number of hungry people around 2010 will be 925 million, representing 9.6% less than in the previous year. According to recent reports, the food crisis and rising food prices, coupled with the various regional issues, are obstacles that endanger the objective.
Hopes "are becoming weaker," according to the UN. Meet the goal that by 2015 children of all countries to conclude this teaching first – "despite the tremendous progress" – more and more away. One of the indicators are positive, the increasing number of registrations (89% in developing countries), is not "enough" to achieve the objective. In fact, about 70 million children are without escolarizarCumplir the goal is "despite the tremendous progress" ever farther
Social inequalities, absenteeism, especially in sub-Saharan Africa and the lack of teachers are putting sticks handicapon the wheels of world educational development. A small window of hope: according to data from the report itself of the millennium, the total number of children who do not finish primary school fell from 37 million in 10 years between 1999 and 2008.
Or positions of responsibility or work that is not vulnerable nor a reward equivalent to the other sex. Women in many countries are still a minimum of one notch below humans. In some fields such as politics, the UN acknowledges that during these years has been steady but slow growth of incursion of women in parliaments and governments. However, in other areas, such as agricultural labor or access to education, the gap between the two remain worrying.
As in the rest of objectives to reduce child mortality is mixed. On the one hand the UN recognizes that "this decline." For another, it does not fast enough. The mortality rate under 5 per 1000 live births has declined since 1990 in all regions of the planet. However, "nearly nine million children still die every year before their fifth birthday." Many countries with rates "unacceptably high" do "little or no progress" to improve them
In some, the case of Africa, where levels were soaring over a decade ago, these have been reduced gradually (in 1990 died there in 1000 184 children, in 2008, 144).
But reports claim that many countries that have rates "unacceptably high" do "little or no progress" to improve them. Others, such as South Asia, although if you make progress, they are craving too slow to meet the goal set. Of the 67 countries with high mortality rates, only ten are on track to meet the provisions of the MDGs.
To a greater or less extent, the millennium goals are related. For maternal health, with more reason, as this depends on poverty levels and the teaching as gender equality. About 358,000 women died in childbirth in 2008
The preliminary findings of a joint study by UNICEF, WHO and UNFPA show signs of "progress." However, the reduction rate of maternal mortality is below the required annual 5.5%, according to the UN, to achieve the goals of the Millennium Goals.
This objective, according to Amnesty International, is still far from reaching the goal he had set the MDGs, which meant a reduction in such deaths was 75% for 2015. "According to UN data, about 358,000 women died giving birth during 2008, representing 1,000 deaths of this kind to date, most of them in developing countries and in communities with few resources.
The aim was to halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV / AIDS. Although the UN report reflects that the epidemic appears to have stabilized in most areas, notes that it is becoming more prevalent in Eastern Europe, Central Asia and other parts of Asia by a high rate of new infections.The UN report shows that the epidemic appears to have stabilized
In 2008 the number of new infections decreased to about 2.7 million people (in 1996 3.5 million were infected.) AIDS mortality peaked in 2004, with 2.2 million deaths, and in 2008 the figure was 2 million. However, the number of people infected continues to rise, largely due to the effect 'longer-life' of antiretroviral therapy. It is estimated that in 2008 had 33.4 million people with HIV. HIV causes 5500 fatalities every day and is the leading cause of death among women of reproductive age.
Another goal was to achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment. However, the rate of new infections continues to outpace the expansion of treatment, what is urgently needed to strengthen both prevention measures and treatment.
He was also a target for 2015 to halt and reverse the incidence of malaria and other serious ailments. The countries have adopted strategies more effective and has been an increased amount of funding, which has benefited the acquisition of supplies. Moreover, global production of mosquito nets has increased fivefold, from 30 million in 2004 to 150 million in 2009.
More than one third of the 108 countries at risk of malaria (nine of them African and 29 non-African) had 50% fewer cases of malaria in 2008 than in 2000. According to the UN, the goal could be achieved if sufficient funds are available and appropriate interventions put into practice.
The rate of deforestation is showing signs of remission, but remains very high. Thanks in part to plans for afforestation, the net loss of forests between 2000 and 2010 was reduced to 5.2 million hectares per year, a loss less than 8.3 million hectares per year were lost between 1990 and 2000. The world has not reached the 2010 target for biodiversity conservation
The world has not achieved the 2010 target for biodiversity conservation. Despite the increased investment in planning and conservation, the main causes of biodiversity loss (high consumption, habitat loss, invasive species, pollution and climate change) have not yet been confronted with the necessary rigor, according to the UN. The report highlights that the habitats of endangered species are not being adequately protected and that the number of endangered species grows daily.
With respect to halve by 2015 the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe water and basic sanitation, the UN stresses that are going in the right direction. From current trends, the world would meet or even surpass the goal. For 2015 it is estimated that 86% of the population of regions in process of development will have access to improved drinking water sources. In any case, we need more efforts to bring clean water to all rural households.
At the current pace of progress, the world will not meet the goal of reducing by 50% the number of people without access to basic sanitation. It is estimated that in 2008 there were 2.6 billion people worldwide lacked access to improved sanitation facilities. If the trend continues, that number increased to 2.7 billion by 2015.
This has been particularly sensitive to the crisis. The proportion of ODA to gross income for the donor countries was 0.31%, well below the 0.7% agreed by the UN. Only five donor countries have reached. The aims have failed because they are based on an erroneous understanding of poverty
The NGO InspirAction considers that there has been a positive step towards the solution of some urgent needs, including access to drinking water or gender equality in education. However, he believes that progress has been slow in areas like child and maternal health, combating hunger or access to sanitation.
According to InspirAction, the fundamental reason for the failure of the MDGs is based on an erroneous understanding of poverty, ignoring the root causes of the problem.